CIRSE Registry for SIR-Spheres Therapy
Radioembolization is a rapidly growing treatment modality in Europe. Although data on the safety and efficacy of this procedure for the treatment of primary and secondary liver tumours is available, more evidence on the treatment in a clinical setting is necessary. Therefore, CIRSE initiated a registry that enabled robust data collection on the real-life clinical application of SIR-Spheres microspheres: the CIRSE Registry for SIR-Spheres Therapy (CIRT).
The CIRSE Registry for SIR-Spheres Therapy (CIRT) is a European-wide registry that prospectively collected data on SIR-Spheres therapies with the goal to investigate the real-life application of SIR-Spheres microspheres on a multinational scale.
Primary end point
The primary objective was to observe the real-life clinical application of SIRT with SIR-Spheres Y-90 resin microspheres and the impact of the treatment in clinical practice. Patients were classified according to the following categories:
- Type of liver cancer
- Intention of treatment
- Prior hepatic procedures
- Associated systemic therapy
- Post-SIRT hepatic procedures
Secondary end points
In addition to observing the real-life application of CIRT, the Steering Committee was also very interested in data on the safety and effectiveness of the treatment. Furthermore, to observe the palliative aspect of SIRT, a quality of life questionnaire was included in the study.
- Adverse events
- Overall Survival (OS)
- Progression free survival (PFS) by investigator
- Liver specific PFS by investigator
Quality of life
- Measured with EORTC’s QLQ-C30 with HCC module
CIRT was a prospective, multicentre, single-device, observational study of patients with hepatic malignancies treated with TARE with Y90 resin microspheres as standard of care. Sites were invited if they met the minimum selection criteria of at least 40 treatments in total, with a minimum of ten procedures within 12 months prior to invitation. From August 2014 to April 2017, 27 sites were enrolled and included patients. Data was collected prospectively from medical centres in Europe via an electronic data capture (EDC) system.
As of December 31, 2019 data collection has been completed. 1,036 patients were included in the study, representing 8 countries and 27 hospitals, of which 1,027 were included in the analysis.
The full report on the outcomes of CIRT can be found here.
During the observation period, 495 (48.2%) patients died and 349 (33.9%) were lost to follow up. 26 (2.5%) patients had less than 2 years of follow-up but no recorded reason for non-completion. 157 (15.3%) patients were alive and completed the 2-year follow-up period.
Median overall survival for patients following TARE was 16.5 months (95% CI 14.2–19.3) for HCC and 14.7 months (95% CI 10.9–17.9) for ICC. For liver metastases, median OS for mCRC was 9.8 months (95% CI 8.3–12.9), 5.6 months (95% CI 4.1–6.6) for pancreatic cancer metastases, 10.6 months (95% CI 7.3–14.4) for breast cancer, 14.6 months (95% CI 7.3–21.4) for melanoma and 33.1 months (95% 22.1–nr) for neuroendocrine tumours. Univariable analyses showed that extra-hepatic disease, ECOG status ≥0, presence of cirrhosis and ascites were associated with a lower survival rate. Unilateral malignancies had a better survival outcome than bilobar malignancies and a higher tumour burden was negatively associated with overall survival.
Across the entire cohort, the 30-day mortality rate of patients that received TARE was 1.0% (n = 10). Serious adverse events (SAE, grade 3 and 4) within 30 days of treatment were found in less than 2.5% of the patients. SAEs such as gastritis, gastrointestinal ulcerations, radiation cholecystitis and radioembolization-induced liver disease (REILD) occurred in less than 0.3% of the total patient cohort.
|Thomas Helmberger (Chairperson)||Klinikum Bogenhausen/DE|
|Dirk Arnold||Asklepios Klinikum Hamburg/DE|
|José Ignacio Bilbao||Clínica Universidad de Navarra/ES|
|Roberto Cianni||Azienda Ospedaliera San Camillo Forlanini/IT|
|Samer Ezziddin||Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes/DE|
|Frank Kolligs||Helios Klinikum Berlin-Buch/DE|
|Geert Maleux||Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven/BE|
|Derek Manas||Freeman Hospital/GB|
|Graham Munneke||University College London/GB|
|Jean-Pierre Pelage||CHU de Caen/FR|
|Olivier Pellerin||Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou/FR|
|Bora Peynircioglu||Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi/TR|
|Bruno Sangro||Clínica Universidad de Navarra/ES|
|Niklaus Schäfer||CHUV-Lausanne University Hospital/CH|
|Ian Haynes||non-voting representative from Sirtex Medical|
Schaefer N, Grözinger G, Pech M, Pfammatter T, Soydal C, Arnold D, Kolligs F, Maleux G, Munneke G, Peynircioglu B, Sangro B, Pereira H, Zeka B, de Jong N, Helmberger T; CIRT Principal Investigators. Prognostic Factors for Effectiveness Outcomes After Transarterial Radioembolization in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Results From the Multicentre Observational Study CIRT. Clin Colorectal Cancer. 2022 Dec;21(4):285-296. DOI: 10.1016/j.clcc.2022.09.002. PMID: 36270925.
Helmberger T, Arnold D, Bilbao JI, de Jong N, Maleux G, Nordlund A, Peynircioglu B, Sangro B, Sharma RA, Walk A, Clinical Application of Radioembolization in Hepatic Malignancies: Protocol for a Prospective Multicenter Observational Study, JMIR Res Protoc 2020;9(4):e16296, DOI: 10.2196/16296, PMID: 32319960.
Helmberger T, Golfieri R, Pech M, Pfammatter T, Arnold D, Cianni R, Maleux G, Munneke G, Pellerin O, Peynircioglu B, Sangro B, Schaefer N, de Jong N, Bilbao JI; On behalf of the CIRT Steering Committee; On behalf of the CIRT Principal Investigators. Clinical Application of Trans-Arterial Radioembolization in Hepatic Malignancies in Europe: First Results from the Prospective Multicentre Observational Study CIRSE Registry for SIR-Spheres Therapy (CIRT). Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2021 Jan;44(1):21-35. DOI: 10.1007/s00270-020-02642-y. PMID: 32959085
Kolligs F, Arnold D, Golfieri R, Pech M, et al.; On behalf of the CIRT Steering Committee; On behalf of the CIRT Principal Investigators. Factors impacting survival after transarterial radioembolization in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: Results from the prospective CIRT study. JHEP Rep. 2022 Nov 25;5(2):100633. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100633. PMID: 36593888
Maleux G, Albrecht T, Arnold D, Bargellini I, et al; On behalf of the CIRT Steering Committee; On behalf of the CIRT Principal Investigators. Predictive Factors for Adverse Event Outcomes After Transarterial Radioembolization with Yttrium-90 Resin Microspheres in Europe: Results from the Prospective Observational CIRT Study. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. Online 2023.